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Variety Selection

Jul 21, 2015
Nurseries may need a year’s notice to ensure selected varieties are available for spring planting. California’s “ripe” table olive processors primarily favor Manzanillo with Sevillano (Gordal) as a pollinizer, while Sicilian-style and Spanish-style processers prefer Sevillano (Gordal). Small table olive processors have used other varieties for these and other curing styles. Arbequina is California’s most widely planted oil variety, although California oil producers have marketed all varieties in the table below as single-varietal olive oils, even traditional table olive varieties such as Ascolano, Mission, Sevillano and Manzanillo.

No single olive variety has every desirable characteristic. Comparison of some common olive varieties are in the table below, primarily based on information from the World Catalogue of Olive Varieties, modified by other sources to include varieties not addressed in the catalogue.

Variety

Use

Oil

Olive fly

Verticillium wilt

Peacock spot

Olive knot

Cold

Ripening

Vigor

Productivity

ARBEQUINA*

Oil

High

Sensitive

Sensitive

Sensitive

Medium

Resistant

Early-Mid

Low

High & constant

ARBOSANA*

Oil

High

 

 

Sensitive

Sensitive

Sensitive

Early-Mid

Low

High & constant

ASCOLANO

Table

Medium

Sensitive

 

Resistant

Resistant

Resistant

Early

High

Med & constant

CORATINA

Oil

High

 

 

 

 

Resistant

Late

Medium

High & constant

FRANTOIO

Oil

Medium

Sensitive

Resistant

Sensitive

Sensitive

Sensitive

Late

Medium

High & constant

HOJIBLANCA

Dual

Medium

Medium

Sensitive

Sensitive

Sensitive

Resistant

Late

Med-High

High & alternate

KALAMON

Dual

Medium

Resistant

Sensitive

Sensitive

Resistant

Medium

Late

High

High & alternate

KORONEIKI*

Oil

High

 

Medium

Resistant

Sensitive

Sensitive

Early-Mid

Medium

High & constant

MANZANILLO

Table

Medium

Sensitive

V.Sensitive

Sensitive

Sensitive

Sensitive

Early

Low-Med

High & alternate

MISSION

Dual

High

 

Sensitive

Sensitive

Resistant

Resistant

Late

High

Med & alternate

PICHOLINE

Dual

Medium

Medium

Medium

Resistant

 

Medium

Late

Medium

High & constant

PICUAL

Oil

High

Sensitive

Sensitive

Sensitive

Resistant

Resistant

Early

Medium

High & constant

SEVILLANO

Table

Low

Sensitive

 

Resistant

Sensitive

Resistant

Early

Med-High

Low & alternate

TAGGIASCA

Oil

High

Sensitive

 

 

Sensitive

Sensitive

Late

High

High & constant

When:

Where:

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